Time: 2 Hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum: 60 Scores
General Instructions to candidates
- In addition to the two hours of writing time, there is a 15-minute ‘cool off time’.
- Use the ‘cool off time’ to familiarize yourself with the questions and to prepare your answers.
- Read questions carefully before you answering.
- Make sure you read the instructions carefully.
- Calculations, figures, and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
- The questions are available in Malayalam as well.
- Give equations wherever necessary.
- Except for nonprogrammable calculators, electronic devices are not allowed in the Examination Hall.
Questions from 1 to 7 carry 1 score. Answer any 6 questions.
The edge length and axial angles of a unit cell are a = b = c and α = β = γ = 90° respectively. Identify the type of Crystal System.
Name the polymer used for non-stick surface coated utensils
Which of the following forms colored compounds.
[Atomic number Sc – 21, Cr – 24, Zn – 30, Cu – 29]
The rate expression of a reaction is Rate = K [A]12 [B]12. Calculate its overall order.
Among the following amines, identify the one that does not reach with Hinsberg reagent
The Carbohydrate, that is known as ‘animals starch’ is ………
Name the class of drug used for the treatment of stress and mental diseases.
Questions from 8 to 20 carry 2 score. Answer any 10 questions.
Write the names and structure of the monomers of the polymer Buna – S
Calculate the packing efficiency in body centred cubic structure.
[Given that r = 3√2a, Where ‘r’ is the radius of sphere and ‘a’ is the edge length of unit cell]
Write one method for the preparation of sulphur dioxide. How is its presence detected?
Write the IUPAC names of following com-pounds.
Define Van’t Hoff factor ‘i’. What would be the value of ‘i’ for a dilute solution of K2SO4 in water?
By taking ethyl bromide as starting material, prepare ethyl iodide and ethyl fluoride.
Write the complete reaction representing the disproportionation of benzaldehyde.
Vapour pressure of water at 293 K is 17.535 mm Hg. Calculate the vapour pressure of water at 293 K when 25 g of glucose is dissolved in 450 g of water.
Name the products of hydrolysis of sucrose is not a reducing sugar.
Tetiary buty bromide react with aqueous NaOH to give tertiary butyl alcohol proceeds via SN1 reaction. Write the mechanism of the reaction.
Give the structures of A and B in the following reaction.
Match the following
Write a simple chemical test to distinguish ethanal from propanone.
Questions from 21 to 29 carry 3 score. Answer any 6 questions.
The resistance of a 0.5 M solution of an electrolyte enclosed between two platinum electrode 1.5 cm apart and having an area of 2.0 cm2 was found to be 30Ω. Calculate the molar conductivity of the solution.
write notes on different allotropic forms of phosphorous.
Integrated rate equation for a first order reaction.
a. Derive an expression for half life of first order reaction
b. Find the half life of first order reaction having rate constant K = 5.5 x 10-14S-1
What are adsorption isotherms? Write the Freundlich absorption isotherm equation and plot agraph based on it.
Describes the steps involved in the manufacture of sulphuric acid by contact process.
Differentiate ferrimagnetism from paramagnetism and predicts the change that takes place to ferrimagnetic substances on heating.
a. Draw the structure of dichromate ion.
b. How can dichromate ion be converted to chromate ion?
c. Write examples for the oxidising action of potassium dichromate in acidic medium.
Explain the following
a. Hydraulic washings
b. zone refining
c. Roasting of ores
Describe the following reactions.
a. Aldol condensation
b. Etard reaction
c. Rosenmund reduction
Questions from 30 to 33 carry 4 score. Answer any 3 questions.
Write chemical equations for the conversion of phenol to acetyl salicylic acid (aspirin)
With the help of diagram describe the construction and working of a fuel cell using H2, and O2. What are the advantages of fuel cell over conventional cells.
Sketch the Crystal field splittng of d-orbit- als of the Central metal ion in [CoF6]3-. Also write the electronic configuration of central metal ion and predict its magnetic behaviour based on crystal field theory.
Give the structure and IUPAC names of the products formed on the following reactions
a. Hydration of propene in the presence of dilute sulphuric acid.
b. Reaction of methanal with methyl mag-nesium bromide followed by hydrolysis.
Cr2+(4 unpaired d electrons)
Order of the reaction = 12 + 32 = 42 = 2
Sulphur dioxide is formed together with a little (6 – 8%) sulphur trioxide when sul¬phur is burnt in air or oxygen.
S(s) + O2(g) → SO2(g)
SO2 is a colourless and pungent smell gas It can detected by using potassium permag- nate solution when SO2 is passed through an acidified potassium permanganate solu¬tion, then it decolonises the solution as it reduces MnO4– ions to Mn2+ ions. SO2 give out suffocating smell which indicates its presence
a. Potassium hexacyanoferrate (III).
b. Dichloridobis (ethane -1,2- diamine) cobalt (III) chloride.
Vant Hoff factor is the ratio of the observed college five property to the normal colligative property
i = observedcollegativepropertyTheoreticalcollegativeproperty
Dilute solution of K2SO4( would dissociate into two K+ ions and a sulphate ion.
K2SO4 → 2K+ + SO42-
The Van’t hoff factor for a dilute solution of K2SO4 is 3.
Cannizzaro reaction which do not have an a-hydrogen atom, undergo self oxidation and reduction (disproportionation) reaction on heating with concetrated alkali. In this reaction, one molecule of the aldehyde is reduced to alcohol while another is oxidised to carboxylic acid salt.
Hydrolysis of sucrose gives equimolar mixture of D – (+) – glucose and D – (-) fractose.
Sucrose ¡s non-reducing sugar because aldehyde group of glucose and keto group of fractose are not fuce and involved in glycosidic bond formation.
The reaction between tert-butyl bromide and hydroxide ion yields tert-butyl alcohol and follows the first of order kinetics, i.e, the rate of reaction depends upon the concetration of only one reactant, which is tert butyl bromide.
(CH3)3 CBr + NaOH → (CH3)3COH + NaBr
If occurs in two steps
Step I : The polarised C-Br bond under¬goes slow clearage to produce a carbocation and a bromide ion. The carbocation thus formed is then attacked by nucleophile in step II to complete the substitution reaction.
a. Antiseptic – bithional
b. Artificial sweetners – Saccharin
c. Soap – Sodium stearate
d. Vitamin C – ascorbic acid
Ethanal give silver mirror with tollens reagent where as propanone will not react
There are 3 allotropic forms of phosphorus.
- Translucent white waxy solid
- Garlic smell
- Less stable due to angle strain. (60° PPP bond angle)
- Readily catches fire in air.
- Iron grey lustrous powder
- More stable than white phosphorus
It has two forms α black phosphorus and β black phosphorus. When white phosphorus is heated under high pressure at 473 K β black phosphorus is formed.
The relationship between extent of adsorption and pressure of the gas at constant temperature is called adsorption isotherm and is given by
xm = kp 1n (n> 1)
Freundlich Adsorption Isotherm
where x = mass of gas adsorbed on ‘m’ mass of the adsorbent at p pressure, k, n are constants.
- At low pressure xm ∝ p (graph is linear).
- At high pressure xm is independent of p (graph – straight line).
- At intermediate pressure xm = kp1n
Taking logarithm on both sides. We get
In case of a solution, the isotherm takes the form, x = k(C)1n
H2SO4 is manufactural by the contact process which involves three steps
(1) Burning of sulphur or sulphide uses in air to generate SO2
S + O2 → SO2
(2) Conversion of SO2 to SO3 by the reaction with oxygen in the presence of a catalyst
2SO2(g) + O2(g) V2O5−→−− 2SO3(g)
Absorption of SO3in H2SO4 to give oleum (H2S2O7)
SO3 + H2SO4(dil) → H2S2O7 (Oleum)
Oleum is diluted with water to form H2S04
H2S2O7+ H2O → 2H2SO4
Ferrimagnetism is observed when the magnetic moments of the domains in the sub-stances are aligned in parallel and antiparallel directions in unusual numbers. They are weakly attracted by magnetic field as compared to ferromagnetic substances.
Paramagnetic substances are weakly attracted by a magnetic field. They are magnetised in a magnetic field in the same direction. They lose their magnetism in they absence of magnetic field. Paramagnetism is due to presence of one or more unpaired electrone which are attracted by the magnetic field.
Ferrimagnetic substance lose ferrimagnetism on heating and become paramagnetic.
b. The chromate and dichromateions are interconvertible in aqueous solution depending upon the pH of the solution
Acidified potassium dichromate will oxidise iodides to iodine sulphides to sulphur.
tin (II) to tin (iv) and iron (ii) salt to iron (iii)
a. It is also called gravity separation. It is based on the difference in densities (gravities) of ore and the gangue. Ore is washed with stream of water so that light impurities are washed away, eg., haematite.
b. It is based on the principle that the im-purities are more soluble in the melt than in the solid state of metal.
The impure metal is heated with the help of a circular mobile heater at one end. This results in the formation of a molten zone. As the heater is moved along the rod, pure metal crystallises out of the melt and impurities pass onto the adjacent molten zone. This is reimpurities at one end of the rod is cut off and discarded.
- Metals like Si, Ge, Ga, B etc are refined by this method (semi-conductors and metals of high purity).
c. It is a process in which an ore is heated in regular supply of air at a temperature below the melting point of the metal so as to convert the give ore into oxide ore.
2ZnS + 3O2 → 2ZnO + 2SO2
a. Aldehydes and ketones having at least one α hydrogen undergo a reaction in the presence of dilute alkali as catalyst to form β – hydroxy aldehydes (aldol) or β hydroxy ketones (ketol), respectively. This is known as aldol reaction. The aldol and ketol readily lose water to give α, β – unsaturated carbonyl compounds which are aldol condensation products and the reaction is called aldol condensation
b. Strong oxidising agents oxidise tolerene and derivatives to benzoic acids. How-ever, it is possible to stop the oxidation at the aldehyde stage with suitable reagents that convert the muthyl group to an inter¬mediate. Chromy chloride (CrO2Cl2) oxidise methyl group to a chromium complex, which on hydrolysis gives corresponding benzaldehyde.
This reaction is called Etard reaction
c. Acyl chloride (acid chloride) is hydrogenated over catalyst, palladium on burium sulphate. This reaction is called Rosenmund reduction.
Kolbe’s reaction : Phenoxide ion generated by treating phenol with sodium hydroxide is even more reactive than phenol towards electrophilic aromatic substitution. Hence if undergoes electrophilic substitution with CO2, a weak electrophite. Ortho hydroxybenzoic acid is formed as the main reaction product.
Fuel Cells: They produce electrical energy directly from the combustion of fuels such as hydrogen. carbon monoxide or methane. It is a Galvanic cell.
The electrode reactions of the most popular fuel cell H2– O2 cell is given below:
- High efficiency (70%).
- Continuous source of energy if gas supply ‘s maintained.
- The electrodes used in fuel cells are not affected during its working.
[C0F6]3Here cobalt is in the +3 oxidation state.
But F– is a weak ligand. So pairing does not take place. Hence in metal ion under goes sp3d2 hybridisation. There are four unpaired electrons present, therefore the complex is paramagnetic.
a. When hydration of propene in the presence of dilute sulphuric acid. If gives
The grignard reagents (R-Mg -X) react with compounds containing |C| = o to form addition compounds, which on hydrolysis with dil acid give the corresponding alcohols.Methanal react with grignai reagent to give a primary alcohol.