Time: 1 Hour
Cool off time : 10 Minutes
Maximum : 30 Score
General Instructions to candidates:
- In addition to the two hours of writing time, there is a 15-minute ‘cool off time’.
- In the ‘cool off time’ you are not permitted to write your answers or to discuss anything with others.
- Use the ‘cool off time’ to familiarize yourself with the questions and to prepare your answers.
- Read questions carefully before you answer.
- There is no external choice allowed and all questions are compulsory.
- Using the same question as your selection, you must answer all sub-questions. ,
- The answer sheet should contain calculations, figures, and graphs.
- The questions are available in Malayalam as well.
- Give equations wherever necessary.
- Except for non-programmable calculators, electronic devices are not allowed in the Examination Hall.
Answer All questions from 1 to 3. Each carries 1 score. (3 × 1 = 3)
What is the function of Restriction Endonuclease in recombinant DNA technology?
a) Linktogetherfragmentof DNA
b) Make millions of copies of DNA
c) Cut DNA into many fragments
d) Separate fragments of DNA
Cut the DNA into many fragments
The government of India has introduced the concept of ……….., so as to work closely with the local communities for protecting and managing forests.
Joint forest management (JFM)
Which among the following is not a greenhouse gas?
c) Carbon dioxide
Answer any 9 questions from 4 to 14. Each carries 2 scores. (9 × 2 = 18)
Many countries encourage the cultivation of Genetically Modified Crops (G.M. Plants). Write any two advantages of GM plants.
Made crops more tolerant to abiotic stresses (cold, drought, salt, heat)
2 Reduce reliance on chemical pesticides (pest resistant crop)
Match the columns (A) and (B)
|i) Mutualism||a) An orchid growing on a tree trunk|
|ii) Predation||b) Gauss’s Exclusion Principle|
|iii) Commensalism||c) Biological control|
|iv) Competition||d) Derives nutrition from the host organism|
|ii) predation||biological control|
|iii) commensalism||an orchid growing on a tree trunk|
|iv) competition||Gauses exclusion principle|
Write the asexual reproductive structure given in the diagrams (a), (b), (c) and (d).
PCR and ELISA are two molecular diagnostic techniques.
a) How is PCR useful in molecular diagnosis?
b) What is the principle of ELISA?
Early detection of disease is possible by these methods
i) used in the amplification of pathogenic nucleic acid.
ii) Find out cancer and other genetic diseases
b) ELISA – Antigen – antibody interaction
a) Identify the type of ecological pyramid given below.
b) Pyramid of energy is always upright. WHy?
a) pyramid of biomass
b) energy decreases from one trophic level to the next or energy transfer from one trophic level to the next is 10%.
Deforestation is a serious issue in the present scenario. Write any two major consequences of deforestation.
- Leads to global warming due to excess carbon dioxide
- Loss of biodiversity
Observe the flow chart given below:
a) Name the processes represented as A and B.
b) If ‘Nt’ is the population density at time t, then write down the population density equation at time t + 1.
a) Mortality, Emigration
b) Nt + 1 = Nt + [(B + I) – (D + E)]
The early stages of embryo development are similar in both dicots and monocots. However, mature embryos have differences. Write two major differences between dicot embryo and monocot embryo.
|Dicot Embryo||Monocot Embryo|
|1. Two cotyledon present||1. Single cotyledon present|
|2. Coleorhiza absent||2. Coleorhiza present|
Given below is a flow chart showing the accumulation of DDT in different trophic levels:
a) Name the phenomenon.
b) How does it affect bird population?
b) High concentrations of DDT disturb calcium metabolism in birds, which causes the thinning of eggshell and their premature breaking, causing decrease in bird populations.
Detritivores play a major role in decomposition.
a) What are detritivores?
b) Write an example for a detritivore.
a) Organism which breaks up detritus into smaller particles
b) Earthworm and termite
Double fertilization is a characteristic feature of angiosperms.
a) Which are the events in double fertilization?
b) Name the triploid nucleus formed as a result of double fertilization.
a) syngamy and triple fusion
b) PEN (Primary endosperm nucleus)
Answer any 3 questions from 15 to 18. Each carries 3 scores. (3 × 3 = 9)
Recombinant DNA technology is a complex process which involves several steps. Write down the major steps in recombinant DNA technology.
- Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA)
- Cutting of DNA at Specific Locations
- Amplification of Gene of Interest by using PCR
- Insertion of Recombinant DNA into the Host Cell/Organism
- Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product
- Downstream Processing
The discovery of Restriction Endonuclease is considered as “milestone” in the history of genetic engineering.
a) Which is the first discovered restriction endonuclease?
b) What are the criteria for naming of restriction endonuclease?
a) Hind II
b) first capital letter – genus name
second two letters – species name
next letter – the strain of bacterium from which the restriction enzyme is isolated
last roman letter – order of isolation of enzyme
Observe the diagram of young anther given below.
a) Identify the parts labelled as A, B, C and D
b) Which layer nourishes the developing pollen grains?
a) A – Epidermis
C – Middle layer
D – tapetum
Outbreeding in animals may be outcrossing, cross- creeding and interspecific hybridisation.
a) Give an example for a progeny obtained by interspecific hybridisation.
b) How does outcrossing differs from crossbreeding?
It is mating of animals within the same breed, but having no common ancestors on either side of their pedigree up to 4-6 generations. The offspring produced called as out-cross.
It is the method of mating superior males of one breed with superior females of another breed.