NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 (Determinants) by Maths subject experts: Get 100% accurate NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 (Determinants) at Maths Answers. We provide step-by-step solutions for questions provided in NCERT Class 12 maths textbook in accordance with CBSE guidelines. With the provided NCERT Class 12 Maths Solutions Chapter 4 PDF, you can access these comprehensive & helpful solved questions of Ch 4 Determinants.

From our page you can download NCERT Solved Questions of Class 12 Maths Ch 4 Determinants Exercises 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6 at any time and start preparing for your examination. Prepare from these NCERT Solutions for class 12 maths and learn the basics of the chapter on determinants. Class 12 Maths NCERT Determinants Exercise Questions with Solutions will help you to ace the final exam with maximum marks by revising the entire syllabus quickly.

Table of Contents

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.1

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
Evaluate the following determinant:
begin{vmatrix} 2 & 4 \ -5 & -1 end{vmatrix}
Solution:
begin{vmatrix} 2 & 4 \ -5 & -1 end{vmatrix}
= 2x(-1)-(-5)x(4)
=-2+20
=18

 

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
(i) begin{vmatrix} costheta & quad -sintheta \ sintheta & quad costheta end{vmatrix}
(ii) begin{vmatrix} { x }^{ 2 }-x+1 & x-1 \ x+1 & x+1 end{vmatrix}
Solution:
(i) begin{vmatrix} costheta & quad -sintheta \ sintheta & quad costheta end{vmatrix}
= cosθ cosθ – (sinθ)(-sinθ)
= cos²θ + sin²θ
= 1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.1 Q2.1

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
If A=begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \ 4 & 2 end{bmatrix} then show that |2A|=|4A|
Solution:
A=begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \ 4 & 2 end{bmatrix}
=> 2A=begin{bmatrix} 2 & 4 \ 8 & 4 end{bmatrix}
L.H.S = |2A|
2A=begin{bmatrix} 2 & 4 \ 8 & 4 end{bmatrix}
= – 24
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.1 Q3.1

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
A=left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 1 \ 0 & 1 & 2 \ 0 & 0 & 4 end{matrix} right]  , then show that |3A| = 27|A|
Solution:
3A = 3left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 1 \ 0 & 1 & 2 \ 0 & 0 & 4 end{matrix} right]
3left[ begin{matrix} 3 & 0 & 3 \ 0 & 3 & 6 \ 0 & 0 & 12 end{matrix} right]
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.1 Q4.1

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
Evaluate the following determinant:
(i) left| begin{matrix} 3 & -1 & -2 \ 0 & 0 & -1 \ 3 & -5 & 0 end{matrix} right|
(ii) left| begin{matrix} 3 & -4 & 5 \ 1 & 1 & -2 \ 2 & 3 & 1 end{matrix} right|
(iii) left| begin{matrix} 0 & 1 & 2 \ -1 & 0 & -3 \ -2 & 3 & 0 end{matrix} right|
(iv) left| begin{matrix} 2 & -1 & -2 \ 0 & 2 & -1 \ 3 & -5 & 0 end{matrix} right|
Solution:
(i) left| begin{matrix} 3 & -1 & -2 \ 0 & 0 & -1 \ 3 & -5 & 0 end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.1 Q5.1>

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 6.
If left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 1 & -2 \ 2 & 1 & -3 \ 5 & 4 & -9 end{matrix} right] , find |A|
Solution:
|A| = left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 1 & -2 \ 2 & 1 & -3 \ 5 & 4 & -9 end{matrix} right]
= 1(-9+12)-1(-18+15)-2(8-5)
= 0

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 7.
Find the values of x, if
(i) begin{vmatrix} 2 & 4 \ 5 & 1 end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} 2x & 4 \ 6 & x end{vmatrix}
(ii)begin{vmatrix} 2 & 3 \ 4 & 5 end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} x & 3 \ 2x & 5 end{vmatrix}
Solution:
(i) begin{vmatrix} 2 & 4 \ 5 & 1 end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} 2x & 4 \ 6 & x end{vmatrix}
=> 2 – 20 = 2x² – 24
=> x² = 3
=> x = ±√3
(ii)begin{vmatrix} 2 & 3 \ 4 & 5 end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} x & 3 \ 2x & 5 end{vmatrix}
or
2 × 5 – 4 × 3 = 5 × x – 2x × 3
=>x = 2

Ex 4.1 Class 12 Maths Question 8.
If begin{vmatrix} x & 2 \ 18 & x end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} 6 & 2 \ 18 & 6 end{vmatrix}, then x is equal to
(a) 6
(b) +6
(c) -6
(d) 0
Solution:
(b) begin{vmatrix} x & 2 \ 18 & x end{vmatrix}=begin{vmatrix} 6 & 2 \ 18 & 6 end{vmatrix}
=> x² – 36 = 36 – 36
=> x² = 36
=> x = ± 6

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.2

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
left| begin{matrix} x & a & x+a \ y & b & y+b \ z & c & z+c end{matrix} right| =0
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} x & a & x \ y & b & y \ z & c & z end{matrix} right| +left| begin{matrix} x & a & a \ y & b & b \ z & c & c end{matrix} right|
(C1 = C3 and C2 = C3)
= 0 + 0
= 0
= R.H.S

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
left| begin{matrix} a-b & b-c & c-a \ b-c & c-a & a-b \ c-a & a-b & b-c end{matrix} right| =0
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} a-b & b-c & c-a \ b-c & c-a & a-b \ c-a & a-b & b-c end{matrix} right| =0
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q2.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
left| begin{matrix} 2 & 7 & 65 \ 3 & 8 & 75 \ 5 & 9 & 86 end{matrix} right| =0
Solution:
left| begin{matrix} 2 & 7 & 65 \ 3 & 8 & 75 \ 5 & 9 & 86 end{matrix} right| =left| begin{matrix} 2 & 7 & 0 \ 3 & 8 & 0 \ 5 & 9 & 0 end{matrix} right|
{ C }_{ 3 }rightarrow { C }_{ 3 }-{ C }_{ 1 }-{ 9C }_{ 2 }=0

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
left| begin{matrix} 1 & bc & a(b+c) \ 1 & ca & b(c+a) \ 1 & ab & c(a+b) end{matrix} right| =0
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} 1 & bc & a(b+c) \ 1 & ca & b(c+a) \ 1 & ab & c(a+b) end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q4.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
left| begin{matrix} b+c & q+r & y+z \ c+a & r+p & z+x \ a+b & p+q & x+y end{matrix} right| =2left| begin{matrix} a & p & x \ b & q & y \ c & r & z end{matrix} right|
Solution:
L.H.S = ∆ = left| begin{matrix} b+c & q+r & y+z \ c+a & r+p & z+x \ a+b & p+q & x+y end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q5.1

By using properties of determinants in Q 6 to 14, show that

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 6.
left| begin{matrix} 0 & a & -b \ -a & 0 & -c \ b & c & 0 end{matrix} right| =0
Solution:
L.H.S = ∆ = left| begin{matrix} 0 & a & -b \ -a & 0 & -c \ b & c & 0 end{matrix} right|  …(i)
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q6.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 7.
left| begin{matrix} { -a }^{ 2 } & ab & ac \ ba & { -b }^{ 2 } & bc \ ac & cb & { -c }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right| ={ 4a }^{ 2 }{ b }^{ 2 }{ c }^{ 2 }
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} { -a }^{ 2 } & ab & ac \ ba & { -b }^{ 2 } & bc \ ac & cb & { -c }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q7.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 8.
(a) left| begin{matrix} 1 & a & { a }^{ 2 } \ 1 & b & { b }^{ 2 } \ 1 & c & { c }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right| =(a-b)(b-c)(c-a)
(b) left| begin{matrix} 1 & 1 & 1 \ a & b & c \ { a }^{ 3 } & { b }^{ 3 } & { c }^{ 3 } end{matrix} right| =(a-b)(b-c)(c-a)(a+b+c)
Solution:
(a) L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} 1 & a & { a }^{ 2 } \ 1 & b & { b }^{ 2 } \ 1 & c & { c }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q8.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q8.2

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 9.
left| begin{matrix} x & x^{ 2 } & yx \ y & { y }^{ 2 } & zx \ z & { z }^{ 2 } & xy end{matrix} right| =(x-y)(y-z)(z-x)(xy+yz+zx)
Solution:
Let ∆ = left| begin{matrix} x & x^{ 2 } & yx \ y & { y }^{ 2 } & zx \ z & { z }^{ 2 } & xy end{matrix} right|
Applying R1–>R1 – R2, R2–>R2 – R3
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q9.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 10.
(a) left| begin{matrix} x+4 & 2x & 2x \ 2x & x+4 & 2x \ 2x & 2x & x+4 end{matrix} right| =(5x+4){ (4-x) }^{ 2 }
(b) left| begin{matrix} y+x & y & y \ y & y+k & y \ y & y & y+k end{matrix} right| ={ k }^{ 2 }(3y+k)
Solution:
(a) L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} x+4 & 2x & 2x \ 2x & x+4 & 2x \ 2x & 2x & x+4 end{matrix} right|<br />
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q10.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q10.2

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 11.
(a) left| begin{matrix} a-b-c & quad 2a & quad 2a \ 2b & quad b-c-a & quad 2b \ 2c & 2c & quad c-a-b end{matrix} right| ={ (a+b+c) }^{ 3 }
(b) left| begin{matrix} x+y+2z & quad z & quad z \ x & quad y+z+2x & quad x \ y & y & quad z+x+2y end{matrix} right| ={ 2(x+y+z) }^{ 3 }
Solution:
(a) L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} a-b-c & quad 2a & quad 2a \ 2b & quad b-c-a & quad 2b \ 2c & 2c & quad c-a-b end{matrix} right|
left( a+b+c right) left| begin{matrix} 1 & quad 1 & quad 1 \ 2b & quad b-c-a & quad 2b \ 2c & quad 2c & quad c-a-b end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q11.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q11.2

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 12.
left| begin{matrix} 1 & quad x & { quad x }^{ 2 } \ { x }^{ 2 } & quad 1 & x \ x & { quad x }^{ 2 } & 1 end{matrix} right| ={ { (1-x }^{ 3 }) }^{ 2 }
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} 1 & quad x & { quad x }^{ 2 } \ { x }^{ 2 } & quad 1 & x \ x & { quad x }^{ 2 } & 1 end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q12.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 13.
left| begin{matrix} 1+{ a }^{ 2 }-{ b }^{ 2 } & quad 2ab & quad -2b \ 2ab & quad 1-{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 } & quad 2a \ 2b & quad -2a & quad 1-{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right| ={ (1+{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 }) }^{ 3 }
Solution:
L.H.S = left| begin{matrix} 1+{ a }^{ 2 }-{ b }^{ 2 } & quad 2ab & quad -2b \ 2ab & quad 1-{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 } & quad 2a \ 2b & quad -2a & quad 1-{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 } end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q13.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 14.
left| begin{matrix} { a }^{ 2 }+1 & quad ab & quad ac \ abquad & quad b^{ 2 }+1 & quad bc \ caquad & quad cb & quad { c }^{ 2 }+1 end{matrix} right| =1+{ a }^{ 2 }+{ b }^{ 2 }+{ c }^{ 2 }
Solution:
Let ∆ = left| begin{matrix} { a }^{ 2 }+1 & quad ab & quad ac \ abquad & quad b^{ 2 }+1 & quad bc \ caquad & quad cb & quad { c }^{ 2 }+1 end{matrix} right|
left| begin{matrix} { a }^{ 2 }+1 & quad ab+0 & quad ac+0 \ ab+0quad & quad b^{ 2 }+1 & quad bc+0 \ ca+0quad & quad cb+0 & quad { c }^{ 2 }+1 end{matrix} right|
This may be expressed as the sum of 8 determinants
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.2 Q14.1

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 15.
If A be a square matrix of order 3×3, then | kA | is equal to
(a) k|A|
(b) k² |A|
(c) k³ |A|
(d) 3k|A|
Solution:
Option (c) is correct.

Ex 4.2 Class 12 Maths Question 16.
Which of the following is correct:
(a) Determinant is a square matrix
(b) Determinant is a number associated to a matrix
(c) Determinant is a number associated to a square matrix
(d) None of these
Solution:
Option (c) is correct

 

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.3

Ex 4.3 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
Find the area of the triangle with vertices at the point given in each of the following:
(i) (1,0), (6,0) (4,3)
(ii) (2,7), (1,1), (10,8)
(iii) (-2,-3), (3,2), (-1,-8)
Solution:
(i) Area of triangle = frac { 1 }{ 2 } left| begin{matrix} 1quad & 0 & quad 1 \ 6quad & 0 & quad 1 \ 4quad & 3 & quad 1 end{matrix} right|
\ frac { 1 }{ 2 }  [1(0-3)+1(18-0)]
= 7.5 sq units
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.3 Q1.1

 

Ex 4.3 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
Show that the points A (a, b + c), B (b, c + a) C (c, a+b) are collinear.
Solution:
The vertices of ∆ABC are A (a, b + c), B (b, c + a) and C (c, a + b)
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.3 Q2.1

Ex 4.3 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
Find the value of k if area of triangle is 4 square units and vertices are
(i) (k, 0), (4,0), (0,2)
(ii) (-2,0), (0,4), (0, k).
Solution:
(i) Area of ∆ = 4 (Given)
frac { 1 }{ 2 } left| begin{matrix} kquad & 0 & quad 1 \ 4quad & 0 & quad 1 \ 0quad & 2 & quad 1 end{matrix} right|
\ frac { 1 }{ 2 }  [-2k+8]
= -k+4
Case (a): -k + 4 = 4 ==> k = 0
Case(b): -k + 4 = -4 ==> k = 8
Hence, k = 0,8
(ii) The area of the triangle whose vertices are (-2,0), (0,4), (0, k)
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.3 Q3.1

Ex 4.3 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
(i) Find the equation of line joining (1, 2) and (3,6) using determinants.
(ii) Find the equation of line joining (3,1), (9,3) using determinants.
Solution:
(i) Given: Points (1,2), (3,6)
Equation of the line is
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.3 Q4.1

Ex 4.3 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
If area of triangle is 35 sq. units with vertices (2, – 6), (5,4) and (k, 4). Then k is
(a) 12
(b) – 2
(c) -12,-2
(d) 12,-2
Solution:
(d) Area of ∆ = frac { 1 }{ 2 } left| begin{matrix} 2quad & -6 & quad 1 \ 5quad & 4 & quad 1 \ kquad & 4 & quad 1 end{matrix} right|
\ frac { 1 }{ 2 }  [50 – 10k] = 25 – 5k
∴ 25-5k = 35 or 25-5k = -35
-5k = 10 or 5k = 60
=> k = -2 or k = 12

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.4

Ex 4.4 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
Write the minors and cofactors of the elements of following determinants:
(i) begin{vmatrix} 2 & -4 \ 0 & 3 end{vmatrix}
(ii) begin{vmatrix} a & c \ b & d end{vmatrix}
Solution:
(i) Let A = begin{vmatrix} 2 & -4 \ 0 & 3 end{vmatrix}
M11 = 3, M12 = 0, M21 = – 4, M22 = 2
For cofactors
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q1.1

 

Ex 4.4 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
Write Minors and Cofactor of elements of following determinant
(i) left| begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \ 0 & 1 & 0 \ 0 & 0 & 1 end{matrix} right|
(ii) left| begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 4 \ 3 & 5 & -1 \ 0 & 1 & 2 end{matrix} right|
Solution:
(i) Minors M11 = begin{vmatrix} 1 & 0 \ 0 & 1 end{vmatrix} = 1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q2.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q2.2
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q2.3

Ex 4.4 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
Using cofactors of elements of second row, evaluate
Delta =left| begin{matrix} 5 & 3 & 8 \ 2 & 0 & 1 \ 1 & 2 & 3 end{matrix} right|
Solution:
Given
Delta =left| begin{matrix} 5 & 3 & 8 \ 2 & 0 & 1 \ 1 & 2 & 3 end{matrix} right|
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q3.1

Ex 4.4 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
Using Cofactors of elements of third column, evaluate
Delta =left| begin{matrix} 1 & x & yz \ 1 & y & zx \ 1 & z & xy end{matrix} right|
Solution:
Elements of third column are yz, zx, xy
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.4 Q4.1

Ex 4.4 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
If Delta =left| begin{matrix} { a }_{ 11 } & { a }_{ 12 } & { a }_{ 13 } \ { a }_{ 21 } & { a }_{ 22 } & { a }_{ 23 } \ { a }_{ 31 } & { a }_{ 32 } & { a }_{ 33 } end{matrix} right|  and Aij is the cofactors of aij? then value of ∆ is given by
(a) a11A31+a12A32+a13A33
(b) a11A11+a12A21+a13A31
(c) a21A11+a22A12+a23A13
(d) a11A11+a21A21+a31A31
Solution:
Option (d) is correct.

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.5

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \ 3 & 4 end{bmatrix}=A(say)
Solution:
Let Cij be cofactor of aij in A. Then, the cofactors of elements of A are given by
C11 = (-1)1+1 (4) = 4; C12 = (-1)1+2 (3) = -3
C21 = (-1)2+1 (2)= – 2; C22 = (-1)2+2 (1) = -1
Adj A = begin{bmatrix} 4 & -3 \ -2 & 1 end{bmatrix}
begin{bmatrix} 4 & -2 \ -3 & 1 end{bmatrix}

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \ 2 & 3 & 5 \ -2 & 0 & 1 end{matrix} right] =A(say)
Solution:
{ A }_{ 11 }={ (-1) }^{ 1+1 }M_{ 11 }=begin{vmatrix} 3 & 5 \ 0 & 1 end{vmatrix}=3
Similarly,
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q2.1

Verify A (adjA) = (adjA) •A = |A| I in Qs. 3 and 4.
Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
begin{bmatrix} 2 & 3 \ -4 & 6 end{bmatrix}=A(say)
Solution:
|A| = 24
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q3.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \ 3 & 0 & -2 \ 1 & 0 & 3 end{matrix} right] =A(say)
Solution:
A11 = 0, A12 = – 11, A13 = 0,
A21 = – 3, A22 = 1, A23 = 1, A31 = – 2
A32 = 8, A33 = – 3
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q4.1

Find the inverse of each of the matrices (if it exists) given in Questions 5 to 11:

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
begin{bmatrix} 2 & -2 \ 4 & 3 end{bmatrix}=A(say)
Solution:
left| A right| =begin{vmatrix} 2 & -2 \ 4 & 3 end{vmatrix}=6+8=14neq 0
So, A is a non-singular matrix and therefore it is invertible. Let cij be cofactor of aij in A. Then, the cofactors of elements of A are given by
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q5.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 6.
begin{bmatrix} -1 & 5 \ -3 & 2 end{bmatrix}=A(say)
Solution:
left| A right| =begin{vmatrix} -1 & 5 \ -3 & 2 end{vmatrix}=-2+15=13neq 0
So, A is a non-singular matrix and therefore it is invertible. Let cij be cofactor of aij in A. Then, the cofactors of elements of A are given by
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q6.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 7.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 2 & 3 \ 0 & 2 & 4 \ 0 & 0 & 5 end{matrix} right] =A
Solution:
|A| = 10
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 2 & 3 \ 0 & 2 & 4 \ 0 & 0 & 5 end{matrix} right] =A
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q7.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 8.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \ 3 & 3 & 0 \ 5 & 2 & -1 end{matrix} right] =A
Solution:
left| A right| =left| begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \ 3 & 3 & 0 \ 5 & 2 & -1 end{matrix} right| =1left| begin{matrix} 3 & 0 \ 2 & -1 end{matrix} right| =-3neq 0
So, A is a non-singular matrix and therefore it is invertible. Let cij be cofactor of aij in A. Then, the cofactors of elements of A are given by
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q8.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 9.
left[ begin{matrix} 2 & 1 & 3 \ 4 & -1 & 0 \ -7 & 2 & 1 end{matrix} right] =A
Solution:
|A| = left[ begin{matrix} 2 & 1 & 3 \ 4 & -1 & 0 \ -7 & 2 & 1 end{matrix} right] =A
= 2(-1-0)-1(4-0)+3(8-3)
So, A is non-singular matrix and therefore, it is invertible.
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q9.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 10.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \ 0 & 2 & -3 \ 3 & -2 & 4 end{matrix} right] =A
Solution:
|A| = left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \ 0 & 2 & -3 \ 3 & -2 & 4 end{matrix} right] =A
= 1(8-6)+1(0+9)+2(0-6)
= 2+9-12
= -1≠0
∴A is invertible and
{ A }^{ -1 }=frac { Adjquad A }{ |A| }
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q10.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 11.
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \ 0 & cosalpha & sinalpha \ 0 & sinalpha & -cosalpha end{matrix} right]
Solution:
A = left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \ 0 & cosalpha & sinalpha \ 0 & sinalpha & -cosalpha end{matrix} right]
adj A = left[ begin{matrix} -1 & 0 & 0 \ 0 & -cosalpha & -sinalpha \ 0 & -sinalpha & cosalpha end{matrix} right]
First find |A| = -cos²α-sin²α
=-1≠0
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q11.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 12.
Let A=begin{bmatrix} 3 & 7 \ 2 & 5 end{bmatrix},B=begin{bmatrix} 6 & 8 \ 7 & 9 end{bmatrix}, verify that (AB)-1 = B-1A-1
Solution:
Here |A| = A=begin{bmatrix} 3 & 7 \ 2 & 5 end{bmatrix}
= 15-14
= 1≠0
Adj A=begin{bmatrix} 5 & -7 \ -2 & 3 end{bmatrix}
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q12.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q12.2

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 13.
If A=begin{bmatrix} 3 & 1 \ -1 & 2 end{bmatrix}  show that A² – 5A + 7I = 0,hence find A-1
Solution:
A = begin{bmatrix} 3 & 1 \ -1 & 2 end{bmatrix}
A² = begin{bmatrix} 8 & 5 \ -5 & 3 end{bmatrix}
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q13.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 14.
For the matrix A = begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \ 1 & 1 end{bmatrix}  find file numbers a and b such that A²+aA+bI²=0. Hence, find A-1.
Solution:
A = begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \ 1 & 1 end{bmatrix}
A²+aA+bI²=0
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q14.1

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 15.
For the matrix A=left[ begin{matrix} 1 & 1 & 1 \ 1 & 2 & -3 \ 2 & -1 & 3 end{matrix} right]  Show that A³-6A²+5A+11I3=0.Hence find A-1
Solution:
A² =  left[ begin{matrix} 4 & 2 & 1 \ -3 & 8 & -14 \ 7 & -3 & 14 end{matrix} right]
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q15.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q15.2

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 16.
If A=left[ begin{matrix} 2 & -1 & 1 \ -1 & 2 & -1 \ 1 & -1 & 2 end{matrix} right]  show that A³-6A²+9A-4I=0 and hence, find A-1
Solution:
We have
A=left[ begin{matrix} 2 & -1 & 1 \ -1 & 2 & -1 \ 1 & -1 & 2 end{matrix} right]
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q16.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q16.2

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 17.
Let A be a non-singular square matrix of order 3×3. Then | Adj A | is equal to:
(a) | A |
(b) | A |²
(c) | A |³
(d) 3 | A |
Solution:
Let A = left[ begin{matrix} { a }_{ 11 } & { a }_{ 12 } & { a }_{ 13 } \ { a }_{ 21 } & { a }_{ 22 } & { a }_{ 23 } \ { a }_{ 31 } & { a }_{ 32 } & { a }_{ 33 } end{matrix} right]
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.5 Q17.1
Dividing by | A |, |Adj. A| = | A |²
Hence, Part (b) is the correct answer.

Ex 4.5 Class 12 Maths Question 18.
If A is an invertible matrix of order 2, then det. (A-1) is equal to:
(a) det. (A)
(b) \ frac { 1 }{ det.(A) }
(c) 1
(d) 0
Solution:
|A|≠0
=> A-1 exists => AA-1 = I
|AA-1| = |I| = I
=> |A||A-1| = I
|{ A }^{ -1 }|=frac { 1 }{ |A| }
Hence option (b) is correct.

 

Determinants Class 12 Ex 4.6

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 1.
x + 2y = 2
2x + 3y = 3
Solution:
x + 2y = 2,
2x + 3y = 3
=> begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \ 2 & 3 end{bmatrix}left[ begin{matrix} x \ y end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 2 \ 3 end{matrix} right]
=> AX = B
Now |A| = begin{vmatrix} 1 & 2 \ 2 & 3 end{vmatrix}
= 3 – 4
= – 1 ≠ 0.
Hence, equations are consistent.

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 2.
2x – y = 5
x + y = 4
Solution:
2x – y = 5,
x + y = 4
=> begin{bmatrix} 2 & -1 \ 1 & 1 end{bmatrix}left[ begin{matrix} x \ y end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 5 \ 4 end{matrix} right]
=> AX = B
Now |A| = begin{vmatrix} 2 & -1 \ 1 & 1 end{vmatrix}
= 2 + 1
= 3 ≠ 0.
Hence, equations are consistent.

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 3.
x + 3y = 5,
2x + 6y = 8
Solution:
x + 3y = 5,
2x + 6y = 8
=> begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 \ 2 & 6 end{bmatrix}left[ begin{matrix} x \ y end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 5 \ 8 end{matrix} right]
=> AX = B
Now |A| = begin{vmatrix} 1 & 3 \ 2 & 6 end{vmatrix}
= 6 – 6
= 0.
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q3.1
Hence, equations are consistent with no solution

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 4.
x + y + z = 1
2x + 3y + 2z = 2
ax + ay + 2az = 4
Solution:
x + y + z = 1
2x + 3y + 2z = 2
x + y + z = \ frac { 4 }{ a }
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q4.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 5.
3x – y – 2z = 2
2y – z = – 1
3x – 5y = 3
Solution:
left[ begin{matrix} 3 & -1 & -2 \ 0 & 2 & -1 \ 3 & -5 & 0 end{matrix} right] left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 2 \ -1 \ 3 end{matrix} right]
=> AX = B
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q5.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 6.
5x – y + 4z = 5
2x + 3y + 5z = 2
5x – 2y + 6z = -1
Solution:
Given
5x – y + 4z = 5
2x + 3y + 5z = 2
5x – 2y + 6z = -1
left[ begin{matrix} 5 & -1 & 4 \ 2 & 3 & 5 \ 5 & -2 & 6 end{matrix} right] left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 5 \ 2 \ -1 end{matrix} right]
AX=B|A|=left[ begin{matrix} 5 & -1 & 4 \ 2 & 3 & 5 \ 5 & -2 & 6 end{matrix} right]
= 5(18 + 10)+1(12 – 25)+4(-4-15)
= 140-13-76
= 51 ≠ 0
Hence equations are consistent with a unique
solution.

Solve system of linear equations using matrix method in Questions 7 to 14:

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 7.
5x + 2y = 4
7x + 3y = 5
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written as
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q7.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 8.
2x – y = – 2
3x + 3y = 3
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q8.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 9.
4x – 3y = 3
3x – 5y = 7
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written as
begin{bmatrix} 4 & -3 \ 3 & -5 end{bmatrix}left[ begin{matrix} x \ y end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 3 \ 7 end{matrix} right] i.e,,AX=B
where A=begin{bmatrix} 4 & -3 \ 3 & -5 end{bmatrix}
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q9.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 10.
5x + 2y = 3
3x + 2y = 5
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written as
begin{bmatrix} 5 & 2 \ 3 & 2 end{bmatrix}left[ begin{matrix} x \ y end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 3 \ 5 end{matrix} right] i.e,,AX=B
where A=begin{bmatrix} 5 & 2 \ 3 & 2 end{bmatrix}
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q10.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 11.
2x + y + z = 1,
x – 2y – z = 3/2
3y – 5z = 9
Solution:
The given system of equations are
2x + y + z = 1,
x – 2y – z = 3/2,
3y – 5z = 9
We know AX = B => X = A-1B
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q11.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 12.
x – y + z = 4
2x + y – 3z = 0
x + y + z = 2.
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 1 \ 2 & 1 & -3 \ 1 & 1 & 1 end{matrix} right] left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 4 \ 0 \ 2 end{matrix} right] i.e,,AX=B
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q12.1

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 13.
2x + 3y + 3z = 5
x – 2y + z = – 4
3x – y – 2z = 3
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written as:
left[ begin{matrix} 2 & 3 & 3 \ 1 & -2 & 1 \ 3 & -1 & -2 end{matrix} right] left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 5 \ -4 \ 3 end{matrix} right] i.e,,AX=B
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q13.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q13.2

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 14.
x – y + 2z = 7
3x + 4y – 5z = – 5
2x – y + 3z = 12.
Solution:
The given system of equations can be written
left[ begin{matrix} 1 & -1 & 2 \ 3 & 4 & -5 \ 2 & -1 & 3 end{matrix} right] left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right] =left[ begin{matrix} 7 \ -5 \ 12 end{matrix} right] i.e,,AX=B
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q14.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q14.2

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 15.
If A = left[ begin{matrix} 2 & -3 & 5 \ 3 & 2 & -4 \ 1 & 1 & -2 end{matrix} right]  Find A-1. Using A-1Solve the following system of linear equations 2x – 3y + 5z = 11,3x + 2y – 4z = – 5, x + y – 2z = – 3
Solution:
We have AX = B
where A=left[ begin{matrix} 2 & -3 & 5 \ 3 & 2 & -4 \ 1 & 1 & -2 end{matrix} right] ,X=left[ begin{matrix} x \ y \ z end{matrix} right]
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q15.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q15.2

Ex 4.6 Class 12 Maths Question 16.
The cost of 4 kg onion, 3 kg wheat and 2 kg rice is Rs. 69. The cost of 2 kg onion, 4 kg wheat and 6 kg rice is Rs. 90. The cost of 6 kg onion, 2 kg wheat and 3 kg rice is Rs. 70. Find the cost of each item per kg by matrix method
Solution:
Let cost of 1 kg onion = Rs x
and cost of 1 kg wheat = Rs y
and cost of 1 kg rice = Rs z
4x+3y+2z=60
2x+4y+6z=90
6x+2y+3z=70
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q16.1
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 4 Determinants Ex 4.6 Q16.2

Leave a Comment